Banks Plan Payment Wallet to Compete With PayPal, Apple Pay

Big banks are teaming up to launch a digital wallet that people can use to shop online.

Wells Fargo

WFC 2.33%

& Co.,

Bank of America Corp.

BAC 1.58%

,

JPMorgan Chase

JPM 1.67%

& Co. and four other banks are working on a new product that will allow shoppers to pay at merchants’ online checkout with a wallet that will be linked to their debit and credit cards.

The digital wallet will be managed by Early Warning Services LLC, the bank-owned company that operates money-transfer service Zelle. The wallet, which doesn’t have a name yet, will operate separately from Zelle, EWS said.

EWS, whose owners also include

Capital One Financial Corp.

COF 2.61%

,

PNC Financial Services Group Inc.,

PNC 3.53%

U.S. Bancorp

USB 2.18%

and

Truist Financial Corp.

TFC 1.93%

, plans to begin rolling out the new offering in the second half of the year. 

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One goal of the new service is to compete with third-party wallet operators such as

PayPal Holdings Inc.

PYPL 0.44%

and

Apple Inc.’s

AAPL 3.12%

Apple Pay, according to people familiar with the matter. Banks are worried about losing control of their customer relationships. Apple, in particular, poses a big threat. The tech giant has moved further into financial services and is working on a savings account with

Goldman Sachs Group Inc.

GS 1.13%

and a buy now, pay later offering. 

EWS’s owner banks are also trying to cut down on fraud. Customers using their wallet wouldn’t have to type in their card numbers, which can raise the risk of fraud and rejected payments that result in lost sales. 

The banks expect to enable 150 million debit and credit cards for use within the wallet when it rolls out. U.S. consumers who are up-to-date on payments, have used their card online in recent years and have provided an email address and phone number will be eligible. 

The banks are still ironing out the details of the customer experience. It likely will involve consumers’ typing their email on a merchant’s checkout page. The merchant would ping EWS, which would use its back-end connections to banks to identify which of the consumer’s cards can be loaded onto the wallet. Consumers would then choose which card to use or could opt out. 

EWS’s owners last year debated a plan to allow shoppers to use Zelle for online purchases, The Wall Street Journal previously reported. Concerns around fraud and the treatment of disputed transactions, which have caught the eye of lawmakers, contributed to the decision to not move forward.

The wallet is being designed to roll out with cards since that is how U.S. consumers are used to shopping. The banks figured it would increase the odds that more people would use the wallet.

Should a sizable number of merchants enable the wallet and consumers adopt it, EWS banks could explore adding other payment options, EWS said. That could include enabling payments directly from bank accounts. 

The wallet will be launched with

Visa Inc.

V 0.30%

and

Mastercard Inc.

MA 0.79%

debit and credit cards, EWS said. EWS reached out about the initiative to other card networks, including

Discover Financial Services,

DFS 4.47%

to gauge their interest in enabling their cards to be loaded onto the wallet. 

Write to AnnaMaria Andriotis at annamaria.an[email protected]

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